Old Vintage or Antique Quadruple Silver Plate SSS Guarantee Candy Nut Dish Bowl
19th C Pairpoint, Quadruple Plate Cherry Decorated Bride Basket
Vintage SILVERPLATE SERVING BOWL Quadruple Plate PAIREPOINT CO NewBedford Mass.
New Amsterdam Quadruple Silver Plate Grapes & Leaves Reposse Serving Tray 408
VINTAGE NEW AMSTERDAM QUADRUPLE SILVER PLATE GRAPES & LEAVES SERVING TRAY 408
RARE EXREME VALUE Detailed Stag Quadruple Plate NAPKIN RING – Rogers Smith & Co
4-Piece Victorian Quadruple Silver Plate Tea Coffee Set Sugar, Creamer, & Waste
Wilcox Quadruple Plate creamer
JAMES W. TUFTS WARRANTED QUADRUPLE PLATE CHERRY DESIGN CANDY DISH #4712
Acme Silverplate Co Creamer 213 Quadruple Plate Boston
Acme Silverplate Co Sugar Bowl No Lid 313 Quadruple Plate Boston
Antique Wilcox Quadruple Silver Plate Brides Calling Card Basket 2772 w/Roses
3 pieces Antique Wilcox Quadruple Silver Plate Sugar & Waste Bowls & Creamer
ANTIQUE MERIDEN QUADRUPLE PLATE 593 CANDY/NUT DISH
VINTAGE COLUMBIAN SILVER CO QUADRUPLE PLATE SUGAR BOWL
1895 WILCOX QUADRUPLE PLATE MERIDEN SERVING BASKET
Vintage Pairpoint Mfg Co Quadruple Plate Double Handled Goblet Intricate Design
Pairpoint Art Noveau Quadruple silver Plate old 5″ covered syrup pitcher creamer
VIntage Empire Crafts Quadruple Plate Cream & Sugar Set
FORBES SILVERPLATE CO QUADRUPLE PLATE PITCHER AND SAUCER #530
Antique Silver Plated Aurora Quadruple Plate mug/Cup + Saucer Set/ Renaissance
Antique Crial Quadruple Silver Plated Candy dish plate
Meriden Silver Plate Co. Butter Dish With Spoon 2314 Quadruple Plate CG1501
Old Emipre Mfg Quadruple Plate 3.5″ Creamer Etched & Beaded Rim
BEST c1888 VICTORIAN QUADRUPLE SILVER PLATE FIGURAL BIRDS 5pc TEA COFFEE SERVICE
Vintage 1881 Rogers New York Quadruple Plate Creamer Sm Pitcher Footed #5000
EXQUISITE VICTORIAN AMERICAN QUADRUPLE SILVER PLATE FIGURAL BREAKFAST SET w TRAY
POOLE SILVER CO – W&SB 441B – QUADRUPLE PLATE SILVERPLATE DISH LEGGED PLATTER
ANTIQUE VAN BERGH S.P CO QUADRUPLE PLATE CANDLESTICK
Quadruple silver plate sugar bowl – vintage/antique
PAIRPOINT MFG CO QUADRUPLE PLATE SILVER PUFF BOX WITH COVER 1948 VINTAGE UNUSUAL
M.S. Mfg. New York Benedict? Quadruple Plate Double Handle Urn Sugar Bowl L@@K
Meriden Silver Plate Company Quadruple Plate Ornate Tea Pot Coffee Pot UNIQUE
VINTAGE Quadruple 1911 GILT Silver Plate Creamer by Wilcox Plate Co Meriden Conn
ANTIQUE 1800′S MERIDEN B. CO QUADRUPLE PLATE LIDDED SUGAR BOWL.
VINTAGE APOLLO Ornate Silver Plate CREAMER Cream Pitcher, Quadruple Plated # 987
PAIRPOINT QUADRUPLE PLATE 324 Creamer Picher Floral Etching Metal
Homan Antique Quadruple Plate Covered Figural Ornate Creamer Pitcher
New Amsterdam Silver Co.Quadruple Plate Bread Plate #413
Vintage Forbes Silver Co Quadruple Embossed Silver Plate Shave Mug w Insert 1894
Atq James Tufts Quadruple Plate Silverplate Grape Motif 6 1/2″ Dia. Round Bowl
VICTOR SILVER CO. QUADRUPLE PLATE OBLONG TRAY WITH ART DECO ROSE DESIGN
2 Vintage Meridan Quadruple Plate Silverplated Service Pieces
VTG P S Co Quadruple Silver Plate Shave Mug 670 w JB Williams Barbers Bar
BRITTANIA METAL CO. QUADRUPLE SILVER PLATE ORNATE ETCHED SUGAR JAR 1991
Rare Roslyn Silver Co Silver on Copper Quadruple Plate
Aesthetic Movement DOUBLE EAGLES Quadruple Plate NAPKIN RING – Rogers Smith & Co
Silver Sugar Bowl & Creamer Set EMPIRE QUADRUPLE PLATE
WILCOX SILVER PLATE CO. QUADRUPLE PLATE CANDY DISH #1800
WILCOX SILVER PLATE CO. MERIDEN 4753 QUADRUPLE PLATE BOWL DISH CLAW FOOTED GRAPE
Quadruple Silver Plate Creamer #104
Homans Silverplate Co Quadruple Plate Large Pitcher Etched Hand Numbered Mint
Colonial Silver Company Silverplated Quadruple Plate Pitcher 8″ #1730 Used
Empire Crafts Quadruple Plate Silverplated Sugar Bowl and Creamer Set Used
Antique Old Metal Brass WM Rogers MFG Co Hartford Quadruple Plate Serving Dish
Antique 1889 James W. Tufts Quadruple Silver Plate Christening Cup Mug Keepsake
Antique Napkin Holder Meriden Quadruple Silver Plate Engraved “Mother” *
Antique Napkin Holder Meriden Quadruple Silver Plate Engraved “Father” *
Aesthetic Movement DOUBLE EAGLES #2 Quadruple Plate NAPKIN RING – Rogers Smith
LIDDED SUGAR BOWL QUADRUPLE PLATE
Forbes Silver Co.U.S.A.Quadruple #529 Silver Plate Saucer 1940
Vintage EG Webster Quadruple Silver Plate Sugar Bowl Number 57
Rodgers & Smith Quadruple Plate 13″ Silverplate Tray
Adlephi Silver Plate Co. Quadruple Silver Plated Serving Dish
Oval Homan Quadruple Silver Plate Engraved Bread Server #891 Special Metal
Antique Derby Silver Co c1890s Serving Basket Food Warm Quadruple Plate # 4927
Vintage ALBERT PICK & COMPANY Mini QUADRUPLE PLATE Creamer Pitcher ESSEX SILVER
Vintage E.G. Webster & Son 3 pc. Tea Set #57 Hard White Quadruple Silver Plate
Huge 12.5″ Quadruple Silver Plate Salad Fork/Spoon-Studio Silversmiths Sun Glo
Meriden Co.Brittania Quadruple Plate Sugar Bowl With Lid, Marked On Base, NEAT!
E.G. Webster Quadruple Plate N.Y. Hard White Metal Double Handle Sugar Bowl,NICE
Benedict Quadruple Plate Silverplate Footed Relish Dish
Antique CB Barker Etched Quadruple Silver Plate Tray w/Handle Shabby LOOK UP1
Rare Vintage WILCOX SILVER PLATE CO BOX # 1794 Quadruple Plate highly etched
Miniature quadruple silver plate cup
Quadruple Silver Plate Butter Dish Simpson Hall Miller
Vintage Wilcox Quadruple Plate 2136 SP Covered Tureen Casserole Dish w/ Handles
Older 2-pc VICTOR Silver Co Quadruple Plate footed Cream & Sugar Set #02644
Vintage Set of 3 Rockford Quadruple Plate Tea Serving Pieces
19th C Rare, Silver Metal Mfg. Co., Quadruple Plate Syrup Jug
Derby Silver Co Quadruple Plate Drinking Cup M55
ANTIQUE EG WEBSTER & BRO QUADRUPLE PLATE HARD WHITE METAL 103 BASKET
Antique E.G. Webster & Sons NY Quadruple Plate Ornate Open Sugar #83
James W. Tufts Boston Warranted Quadruple Plate #1380 Floral Etched Design Cup
WILCOX SILVER PLATE CO. MERIDEN 1601 QUADRUPLE PLATE
Antique HOMAN SPECIAL METAL QUADRUPLE PLATE PLATTER2521
Rafters and Roof Work
Rafters are designated as main or principal rafters, hip rafters, jack and valley rafters and plain rafters. The long rafters in a pyramidal roof are called hip rafters; the shorter ones cutting against the hips are called the jack rafters. A plain rafter is the ordinary rafter used in common gable or saddle roofs. The projection of a rafter is the distance it extends beyond the plate or hangs over the wall. The rise of a rafter is the height on a perpendicular line from the plate to the ridge of the roof.
The gain of a rafter is the difference between the run and its length, the run being the distance from the outer edge of a plate to a point immediately under the ridge of the roof, or one-half the width of the building. The lengths and bevels of rafters of any pitch may be obtained at once by the use of the steel square, when properly understood and applied, and every good carpenter ought to understand and apply this useful tool in every case of roof work.
Main rafters intended to receive a shingle roof are placed from 16 to 24 inches from center to center, according to their length and the weight of the roof they are called upon to carry, 2 feet being the usual distance. Tape measures that are considered private label measuring tapes can be useful to determine these lengths, as well as distance measuring wheels. The number of rafters in a plain gable or saddle roof is found by dividing the length of the building by the distance the rafters are apart from center to center, to which add 1, the result being the number of pairs of rafters.
Two men will frame and put in place 600 linear feet of 2 x 6 inch or 2 x 8 inch rafters in one day on a plain gabled roof; in a hip roof, including framing for deck, when there is one, 250 feet, running measure, is a good day’s work for one man. It must be understood that these estimates are based on the supposition that nine hours constitutes a day’s work, and that the material used is soft wood, such as pine, hemlock or spruce.
Any deviation from the plain work as set out in the foregoing, such as circular, segmental, or octagonal work requires an additional allowance for time and material, varying from double for octagonal to quadruple for circular. Of course something will depend on the character and position of the work. In preparing the lookouts for hip roofs and setting them, including the nails and all material, the amount for each should be based on the wages of the workman per day. This means leaving the lookouts and eaves ready to receive finish for the cornice.
In closing in the building with rough stuff, it is better to run the stuff through the planer and reduce it to an equal thickness before using. The cost will not be much, and the stuff will be more easily handled and will make a better job when finished, particularly if proper precision measurement tools, measuring wheels, and tape measures are utilized. In the case of dwelling houses a man will cut, fit, and nail on 1000 feet of rough lining in a day, but on a barn or outhouse, where there is not so much fitting, he will be able to do much more.
Siding or Finishing Stuff
The siding or finishing stuff for a building may be either drop siding, lap siding or simply matched sheathing. The number of feet of drop or lap siding is found by multiplying the outside measurement of the building by the height of the studding, to which add for gables. In the case of a gable roof multiply the width of the building by half the height from the plate to the ridge of the roof.
This gives the number of surface feet, to which add one-fifth for lapping, and the result is the number of feet surface measurement. In putting on siding it is always better that two men work together, as they assist each other and the plan is more advantageous. Two men will put on 500 feet of siding a day, or 250 feet each, and cut close against window and door casings and corner boards.
When a building is boarded vertically, or up and down, and the stuff is dressed and matched, two men will put up and nail about 2000 feet, board measure, and build their own scaffolding. This method of sheathing will require to be battened, (worth a set amount per 100 feet) running measure, to cut, fit and nail on the battens. Private label tape measures or other quality tape measures are a must. If building paper is placed under the siding or sheathing it is also worth a set amount per roll to nail it on the walls.
The area of a plain gable roof is found by multiplying the length of the rafter by the length of the building, including the projection of the cornice. This gives one side of the roof, and by doubling we obtain the area of the whole roof. One thousand shingles if laid 5 inches to the weather will cover one square of 100 square feet. A man will nail 1500 shingles per day and carry them up to the roof.
If a layer of coarse mortar is placed under the shingles extra should be charged per square for labor and material. It will require 6½ pounds of nails to lay the shingles. If building paper is used on the roof and the shingling is done over it, a set amount per roll must be added for laying the paper and extra work in connection therewith. This relates only to ordinary gable or saddle roofs. Hip and valley roofs, as well as circular and tower roofs, are more expensive to build.
About the Author
Allison Ryan is a home improvement guru from San Diego, CA. She specializes in woodworking and landscape architecture. For a selection of
private label measuring tapes
, and tape measures, stop by
, home of world class tools since 1876.
Three resistors having values of 4.0, 6.0, and 10.0 W are connected in parallel. This circuit is connected to?
Three resistors having values of 4.0, 6.0, and 10.0 W are connected in parallel. This circuit is connected to a 12.0-V battery. What is the current in the 10 W resistor?
A. 0.55 A
B. 5.2 A
C. 1.2 A
D. 2.0 A
A current of 1 mA carries _____________ electrons per seconds.
A parallel plate capacitor is connected to a battery that maintains a constant potential difference. How will the magnitude of the charge on the plates change if the separation between the plates is doubled?
A. It will double
B. It will quadruple
C. It will be cut in half
D. It will not change
1) (10/12V) = none of those. If you make the question read 3 resistors of 4, 6 and 10 OHMS in parallel, and what is the current in the 10 OHM, the answer is C, 1.2A.
2) Divide 6.24 x 10^18 by 1,000, = 6.24 x 10^15. Ans. A.
3) A guess on my part. The capacity will be 1/4, so B.